Hiragana & Katakana List

hiragana

Japanese letters

Japanese language is written using three types of letters below.

  1. Hiragana (phonetic sounds) only represent sounds and used for particles, words and parts of words.
  2. katakana (phonetic sounds) are only represent sounds and used to describe foreign words.
  3. Kanji (Chinese characters) have their own meanings.

Japanese letters

Here we will learn Hiragana and Katakana.

Hiragana List with Romaji

Hiragana is called Man’yogana and began to be used to describe the sounds of kanji around the 5th century in Japan.

あ行 (A column)

Hiragana Romaji Examples
a め (ame / Rain)
Rain
i え (家 ie/ Home)
house
u み (umi / Sea)
Sea
e き (駅 eki/ Station)
station
o さけ (お酒 osake/ Sake)

か行 (Ka column)

Hiragana_ka

Hiragana Romaji Examples
ka さ (kasa / Umbrella)
umbrellas
ki (木 ki/ Tree)
Tree
ku すり (kusuri / Medicine)
Medicine
ke っこん (結婚 kekkon/ Marriage)
Marriage
ko うえん (公園 kouen/ Park)
Park

hiragana_01_ga-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
ga っこう (学校gakkou / School)
school
gi んこう (銀行 ginkou/ Bank)
Bank
gu うすう(偶数guusuu / Even number)
even number
ge つようび (月曜日 getsuyoubi/ Monday)
Monday01
go はん (ご飯 han/ Rice)
Rice

hiragana_01_kya-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
きゃ kya きゃく (kyaku / Client)
Client
きゅ kyu きゅうり (キュウリ kyuuri/ Cucumber)
cucumber
きょ kyo きょうしつ(教室kyoushitu / Classroom)
classroom

hiragana_01_gya-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
ぎゃ gya ぎゃくりゅう (逆流gyakuryuu / Back flow)
Back flow
ぎゅ gyu ぎゅうにゅう (牛乳 gyuunyuu/ Milk)
Milk
ぎょ gyo ぎょうじ (行事gyouji / Event)
event

さ行 (Sa column)

hiragana_sa-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
sa かな (sakana / Fish)
Fish
shi ごと (仕事 shigoto/ Work)
Work
su き (好きsu / Like)
Like
se んたく (洗濯 sentaku/ Washing)
Washing
so うじ (掃除 souji/ Clean up)
Clean

hiragana_01_za-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
za っし (雑誌zasshi / Magazine)
magazine
ji (zi) てんしゃ (自転車 jitensha/ Cycle)
cycle
zu けい (図形zukei / Shape)
Shape
ze い (税 zei/ Tax)
Tax
zo う (象 zou/ Elephant)
Elephant

hiragana_01_sha-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
しゃ sha しゃしん (写真shashin / Photo)
Photo
しゅ shu しゅくだい (宿題 shukudai/ Homework)
Homework
しょ sho しょうゆ (醤油shouyu / Soy sauce)
Soy sauce

hiragana_01_ja-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
じゃ ja じゃがいも (じゃが芋jagaimo / Potato)
Potato
じゅ ju じゅうたく (住宅 jutaku/ Housing)
housing
じょ jo じょおう (女王joou / Queen)
queen

た行 (Ta column)

hiragana_ta-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
ta んじょうび (誕生日tanjoubi / Birthday)

Birthday
ti ゃわん (茶碗 chawan/ Bowl)
Bowl
tsu くえ (tsukue / Desk)
Desk
te (手 te/ Hand)
Hand
to り (鳥 torii/ Bird)
Bird

hiragana_01_da-gyo
To type, press di for “ぢ” and du for “づ”.

Hiragana Romaji Examples
da れ (dare / Who)

Who
ji (di) む (縮む chiji/ Shrink)
ShrinkMany of the words with “ぢ” are now replaced by “じ”, there are only three types of words with “ぢ”:
*ちぢむ: Shrink
*In case that another character exists before the word starting with “ち” such as “みぢか (身近mijika / Familiar)”
*A few other exceptions such as “ちぢに (千々に / in pieces)”
zu (du) くり (手作りtezukuri / Handmade)
Handmade
de んわ (電話 denwa/ Telephone)
Telephone
do うぶつ (動物 doubutsu/ Animal)
Animal

hiragana_01_cha-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
ちゃ cha ちゃ (cha / Tea)
Tea
ちゅ chu ちゅうい (注意 chuui/ Alert)
Alert
ちょ cho ちょう (chou / Butterfly)
Butterfly

In modern kana usage,
“ぢゃ”, “ぢゅ”, and “ぢょ” are supposed to be written as “じゃ”, “じゅ”, and “じょ”.
To type, press dya for “ぢゃ”, dyu for “ぢゅ”, and dyo for “ぢょ”.

な行 (Na column)


Hiragana Romaji Examples
na べ (nabe / Hot pot)
Hot pot
ni んじん (人参 ninjin/ Carrot)
Carrot
nu る (塗るnu / Paint)
paint
ne こ (猫 neko/ Cat)
Cat
no みもの (nomono / Beverage)
Beverage

hiragana_01_nya-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
にゃ nya にゃー (ニャーnyaa / Meow)
meow
にゅ nyu にゅういん (入院 nyuuin/ Hospitalization)
Hospitalization
にょ nyo てんにょ (天女tennyo / Heavenly maiden)
heavenly maiden

は行 (Ha column)


Hiragana Romaji Examples
ha (ha / Tooth)
Tooth
hi こうき (飛行機 hikouki/ Airplane)
airplane
hu く (fuku / Cloths)
Cloths
he び (蛇 hebi/ Snake)
Snake
ho ん (hon/ Book)
Book

hiragana_01_ba-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
ba んごはん (晩御飯bangohan / Dinner)
dinner
bi よういん (美容院 biyouin/ Beauty salon)
Beauty salon
bu た (buta / Pig)
Pig
be んきょう (勉強 benkyou/ Study)
Book
bo うし (帽子boushi/ Hat)
Hat

hiragana_01_pa-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
pa ん (パンpan / Bread)
Bread
pi ーまん (ピーマン pi-man/ Green pepper)
Green pepper
pu ーる (プールpu-ru / Pool)
Pool
pe ん (ペン pen/ Pen)
Pen
po すと (ポストposuto/ Postbox)
Postbox

hiragana_01_hya-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
ひゃ hya ひゃくとおばん (110番hyakutooban / Japanese emergency police telephone number)
110
ひゅ hyu ひゅー (ヒューhyu-/ The sound of a strong wind)
wind sound
ひょ hyo ひょうしき (標識hyoushiki / Sign)
sign

hiragana_01_bya-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
びゃ bya びゃっこ (白狐byakko / White fox)
white fox
びゅ byu びゅっふぇ (ビュッフェbyuffe/ Buffet)
buffet
びょ byo びょういん (病院byouin / Hospital)
hospital

hiragana_01_pya-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
ぴゃ  pya はっぴゃく (八百happyaku / Eight hundred)
800
ぴゅ pyu びゅーま (ピューマpyu-ma/ Puma)
Puma
ぴょ pyo はっぴょう (発表happyou / Presentation)
Presentation

ま行 (Ma column)

hiragana_01_ma

Hiragana Romaji Examples
ma ど (mado / Window)
window
mi み (耳 mimi/ Ear)
Ear
mu っつ (六つmutsu / Six)
six
me (目 me/ Eye)
Eye
mo ん (mon / Gate)
Gate

hiragana_01_mya-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
みゃ mya さんみゃく (山脈sanmyaku / Mountain range)
Mountain range
みゅ myu みゅーじあむ (ミュージアムhyu-/ Museum)
Museum
みょ myo みょうちょう (明朝myouchoui / tomorrow morning)
tomorrow morning

や行 (Ya column)


Hiragana Romaji Examples
ya ま (yama / Mountain)
Mountain
yu き (雪 yuki/ Snow)
Snow
yo る (yoru / Night)
Night

ら行 (Ra column)


Hiragana Romaji Examples
ra いねん (来年rainen / Next year)
Next year
ri んご (林檎 ringo/ Apple)
Apple
ru すばんでんわ (留守番電話rusuban denwa / Answering machine)
Answering machine
re いぞうこ (冷蔵庫 reizouko/ Refrigerator)
Refrigerator
ro く (roku / Six)
six

hiragana_01_rya-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
りゃ rya りゃくず (略図ryakuzu / Rough map)
Rough map
りゅ ryu りゅう (ryuu/ Dragon)
dragon
りょ ryo りょこう (旅行ryokou / Travel)
travel

わ行 (Wa column)

hiragana_01_wa-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
wa たし (yama / I, Me)
Me
wo りんごたべる (Eat an apple)
Apple02“を” or “ヲ” is used in sentences or in conversation, not as a single word. 
(新聞 shinbun/ Newspaper)
Newspaper

Katakana List with Romaji

Katakana characters are used for the following;

  • Japanese loan words such as テレビ(television), カメラ(camera), コンビニ(convenience store) and so on
  • Proprietary nouns such as foreign names and place names

ア行 (A column)

katakana_01_a-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
a パート (Apartment)
apartment
i ギリス (England)
England
u ール (Wool)
Wool
e レベーター (Elevator)
elevator
o ーストラリア (Australia)
australia

カ行 (Ka column)

Katakana Romaji Examples
ka メラ (Camera)
Camera
ki キング (King)
King
ku ラス (Class)
Class
ke ーキ (Cake)
Cake
ko ーヒー (Coffee)
Coffee

katakana_01_ga-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ga ーリック (Garlic)
Garlic
gi ター (Guitar)
Guitar
gu レープ(Grape)
Grape
ge ーム (Game)
Game
go リラ (Gorilla)
Gorilla

katakana_01_kya-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
キャ kya キャメル (Camel)
Camel
キュ kyu キューブ (Cube)
Cube
キョ kyo キョンシー(Chinese hopping vampire)
Chinese hopping vampire

katakana_01_gya-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ギャ gya ギャル (Girl)
Girl
ギュ gyu スイギュウ (Asian buffalo)
Asian buffalo
ギョ gyo キンギョ (Goldfish)
Goldfish

サ行 (Sa column)

katakana_01_sa-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
sa ンタ (Santa Claus)
Santa Claus
shi ネマ (Cinema)
Cinema
su プーン (Spoon)
Spoon
se ーター (Sweater)
Sweater
so ーセージ (Sausage)
Sausage

katakana_01_za-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
za ウェー(Weather)
Weather
ji (zi) ム (Gym)
Gym
zu ボン (Pants)
Pants
ze ロ (Zero)
0
zo ウガメ (Giant tortoise)
Giant tortoise

katakana_01_sha-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
シャ sha シャツ (Shirt)
Shirt
シュ shu シュガー (Sugar)
Sugar
ショ sho ショップ (Shop)
Shop

katakana_01_ja-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ジャ ja ジャム (Jam)
Jam
ジュ ju ジュース (Juice)
Juice
ジョ jo ジョグ (Jog)
Jog

タ行 (Ta column)

katakana_01_ta-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ta コ (Octopus)

Octopus
ti キン (Chicken)
Chicken
tsu タンカーメン (Tutankhamen)
Tutankhamen
te ント (Tent)
Tent
to マト (Tomato)
Tomato

katakana_01_da-gyo

To type, press di for “ヂ” and du for “ヅ”.

Katakana Romaji Examples
da ック (Duck)
Duck
ji (di) Many of the words with “ヂ” are now replaced by “ジ”.
For more information, see the example in the “ぢ” section.
zu (du) ミカキ (Crescent moon)
 Crescent Moon
de パート (Department store)
Department store
do クター (Doctor)
Doctor

katakana_01_cha-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
チャ cha チャック (Zipper)
Zipper
チュ chu チューリップ (Tulip)
Tulip
チョ cho チョコレート (Chocolate)
Chocolate

katakana_01_dya-gyo

In modern kana usage,
“ヂャ”, “ヂュ”, and “ヂョ” are supposed to be written as “ジャ”, “ジュ”, and “ジョ”.
To type, press dya for “ヂャ”, dyu for “ヂュ”, and dyo for “ヂョ”.

ナ行 (Na column)

katakana_01_na-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
na イト (Knight)
Knight
ni  (Crab)
Crab
nu ードル (Noodles)
Noodles
ne クタイ (Tie)
Tie
no ートパソコン (Laptop)
Laptop

katakana_01_nya-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ニャ nya ニャンコ (Cat)
Cat
ニュ nyu ニュ ーユーク (New York)
New York
ニョ nyo ニュール (Spanish; Señor)
señor

ハ行 (Ha column)

katakana01_ha-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ha ット (Hat)
Hat
hi ッポ (Hippo)
Hippo
hu クロウ (Owl)
Owl
he リコプター (Helicopter)
Helicopter
ho ットケーキ (Pancake)
Pancake

katakana_01_ba-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ba ス (Bus)
Bus
bi ーチ (Beach)
Beach
bu ロック (Block)
Block
be ル (Bell)
Bell
bo トル (Bottle)
Bottle

katakana_01_pa-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
pa ーク (Park)
Park
pi ーナッツ (Peanut)
Peanut
pu リン (Pudding)
Pudding
pe ンギン (Penguin)
Penguin
po ニー (Pony)
Pony

katakana_01_hya-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ヒャ hya ヒャク (Hunded)
100
ヒュ hyu ヒューマン (Human)
Human
ヒョ hyo ヒョウ (Panther)
Panther

katakana_01_bya-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ビャ hya ビャクタン (Sandalwood)
Sandalwood
ビュ hyu ビューティーサロン (Beauty Salon)
Beauty Salon
ビョ hyo ビョウキ (病気byouki / Sickness)
Sickness

katakana_01_pya-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ピャ  pya ロッピャク (六百roppyaku / Six hundred)
600
ピュ pyu コンピュータ (Computer)
Computer
ピョ pyo ピョピョン (Hopping)
Hopping

マ行 (Ma column)

katakana_01_ma-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ma グ (Mug)
Mug
mi イラ (Mummy)
Mummy
mu ービー (Movie)
Movie
me ロン (Melon)
Melon
mo モモ (momo / Peach)
Peach

katakana_01_mya-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ミャ mya ミャー (Meow)
Meow
ミュ myu ミュージック (Music)
Music
ミョ myo ダイミョウ (大名daimyou / Feudal lord)
Feudal lord

ヤ行 (Ya column)

katakana_01_ya-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ya キュウ (野球yakyuu / Baseball)
Baseball
yu ウレイ (幽霊 yuurei/ Ghost)
Ghost
yo ット (Yacht)
Yacht

ラ行 (Ra column)

katakana_01_ra-gyo

Katakana Romaji Examples
ra ーメン (Ramen noodles)
Ramen noodles
ri サイクル (Recycle)
Recycle
ru ーレット (Roulette)
Roulette
re コード (Record)
Record
ro ーズ (薔薇bara / Rose)
Rose

katakana_01_rya-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
リャ rya リャマ (Llama)
Llama
リュ ryu リュック (Rucksack)
Rucksack)
リョ ryo リョケン (旅券ryoken / Passport)
Passport

ワ行 (Wa column)

katakana_01_wa-gyo

Hiragana Romaji Examples
wa ールド (World)
World
wo りんごたべる (Eat an apple)
Apple02“を” or “ヲ” is used in sentences or in conversation, not as a single word. 
(缶 kan/ Can)
Can